This tutorial will walk you through setting up a wiki with ikiwiki.
You may also want to try out a Docker image with ikiwiki pre-installed.
All it takes to create a fully functional wiki using ikiwiki is running one command.
For more control, advanced users may prefer to set up a wiki by hand.
% ikiwiki --setup /etc/ikiwiki/auto.setup
Or, set up a blog with ikiwiki, run this command instead.
% ikiwiki --setup /etc/ikiwiki/auto-blog.setup
python-docutils dependencies are needed.
Either way, it will ask you a couple of questions.
What will the wiki be named? foo What revision control system to use? git What wiki user (or openid) will be admin? joey Choose a password:
Then, wait for it to tell you an url for your new site..
Successfully set up foo: url: http://example.com/~joey/foo srcdir: ~/foo destdir: ~/public_html/foo repository: ~/foo.git To modify settings, edit ~/foo.setup and then run: ikiwiki --setup ~/foo.setup
Now you can go to the url it told you, and edit pages in your new wiki using the web interface.
(If the web interface doesn't seem to allow editing or login, you may need to configure the web server.)
Part of the fun of using ikiwiki is not being limited to using the web for editing pages, and instead using your favorite text editor and Revision Control System.
To do this, you need to check out a copy of the source to your wiki.
(You should avoid making changes directly to the
srcdir, as that
checkout is reserved for use by ikiwiki itself.)
Depending on which Revision Control System you chose to use, you can run one of these commands to check out your own copy of your wiki's source. (Remember to replace "foo" with the real directory name.)
git clone foo.git foo.src svn checkout file://`pwd`/foo.svn/trunk foo.src cvs -d `pwd`/foo get -P ikiwiki bzr clone foo foo.src hg clone foo foo.src darcs get foo.darcs foo.src # TODO monotone, tla
Now to edit pages by hand, go into the directory you checked out (ie,
"foo.src"), and fire up your text editor to edit
index.mdwn or whatever
other page you want to edit. If you chose to set up a blog, there is even a
sample first post in
posts/first_post.mdwn that you can edit.
Once you've edited a page, use your revision control system to commit the changes. For distributed revision control systems, don't forget to push your commit.
Once the commit reaches the repository, ikiwiki will notice it, and automatically update the wiki with your changes.
There are lots of things you can configure to customize your wiki. These range from changing the wiki's name, to enabling plugins, to banning users and locking pages.
If you log in as the admin user you configured earlier, and go to your Preferences page, you can click on "Setup" to customize many wiki settings and plugins.
Some settings cannot be configured on the web, for security reasons or because misconfiguring them could break the wiki. To change these settings, you can manually edit the setup file, which is named something like "foo.setup". The file lists all available configuration settings and gives a brief description of each.
After making changes to this file, you need to tell ikiwiki to use it:
% ikiwiki --setup foo.setup
Alternatively, you can ask ikiwiki to change settings in the file for you:
% ikiwiki --changesetup foo.setup --plugin goodstuff
See usage for more options.
As a wiki compiler, ikiwiki builds a wiki from files in a source directory, and outputs the files to a destination directory. The source directory is a working copy checked out from the version control system repository.
When you used
auto.setup, ikiwiki put the source directory, destination
directory, and repository in your home directory, and told you the location
of each. Those locations were chosen to work without customization, but you
might want to move them to different directories.
First, move the destination directory and repository around.
% mv public_html/foo /srv/web/foo.com % mv foo.git /srv/git/foo.git
If you moved the repository to a new location, checkouts pointing at the old location won't work, and the easiest way to deal with this is to delete them and re-checkout from the new repository location.
% rm -rf foo % git clone /srv/git/foo.git
Finally, edit the setup file. Modify the settings for
git_wrapper, etc to reflect where
you moved things. Remember to run
ikiwiki --setup after editing the
- If you are searching for the file where the users are stored, it's in
your_repository/.ikiwiki/userdb. The one which is in YOUR REPOSITORY, it cannot be found into your
- If you want to enable a plugin you WILL HAVE to add it to the
add_pluginsarray in the
*.setupfile (or to use the
--pluginswitch while calling
ikiwiki). Uncommenting the plugin options/configuration fields in the setup is not ALWAYS sufficient. You have been warned.